diet in diabetes is assigned to a specialist.Sticking it should be compulsory to complete the recovery process.
diet for diabetes first and second type
It is known that the disease is of two kinds.The first type of diabetes is characterized by the need to introduce insulin.But correct diet is vital.For Type II diabetes diet can contribute to a complete cure without injections.
In these two cases, a balanced diet is necessary for the normalization of carbohydrate metabolism.Otherwise mogzhet coma occur, or the transition of diabetes type first.
Nutrition for patients first and second type of the disease a little bit different.
1T for diabetics (type 1) diet therapy is to be a way of life.
And for patients with the second type of diet for diabetes is needed to reduce the body weight.In 90% of cases is being overweight is one of the causes of the diagnosis and worsening the situation.To this did not happen, you should try to lose weight, not to go to diabetes.What diet will help you with obesity
carbohydrates are the basic unit of measurement in dietetics.All products are measured in such "bread units".Daily rate - a maximum of 25 hl.ed.The exact measurement of this is 250 grams.carbohydrates.
Which diet for diabetes is considered to be official?
in the daily diet of the patient should be the exact distribution of the amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.Their weight is:
- carbohydrates - 60% of the total;
- proteins - 20%;
permissible deviation of 5%.Therefore, to talk about the schedule chёtkom diet for diabetics is impossible.There is a concept of daily caloric intake.That it is fundamental.Calorie intake per day should match the energy needs of the patient.
doctor who oversees the individual patient, it takes into account the way of life, mobility, body mass index, age, and others. Specialist calculates the amount of carbohydrates, proteins and fats for the above scheme.It is best to diabetic conducted its own food diary.
All products for diabetics registered in the two types of diet 9. Doctors call this diet "table 9" and give patients recommender sheet.Welcomes the following products:
- black bread (about 250 g);
- fish and chicken broth, soups (2-3 times a week);
- meat (boiled chicken, turkey, veal, rabbit);
- all kinds of vegetables (boiled or baked);
- cereals and beans;
- dairy products in limited quantities (milk and yogurt - up to 2 tbsp. Per day; cheese - no more than 200 grams);
- other foods from the diet 9.
can not eat sweets, too greasy, spicy, salty and seasoned food.Alcohol can also be taken in the smallest amounts (as an option - it is prohibited by prescription).Sugar is replaced with sugar substitutes.
The most important condition is systematic of the diet.You can not deviate from the list of products.This is due to the fact that eating something from the forbidden food, you can immediately increase your blood sugar.And it threatens to at least attack or even coma.
important that the diet is combined with exercise.They will help you lose weight and normalize metabolism.All these activities will also be able to prevent the emergence of diabetes.